Before some years there was no concept of readymade garments only custom made clothes were there. In economically backward families, the women of the family use to stitch the garments, and families from upper class get garments stitched by the tailors. The professional fit of the garment itself recommended the class differentiation.
But now-a-days sewing clothes at home have become more of a hobby and leisure activity and people prefer readymade garments and tailor made clothes. Buying ready-to-wear garments has become more economic than getting the clothes custom stitched. Since specifically made clothes require more money and time as the tailor has to individually take measurements, do the designing and stitch garments.
The major breakthrough in garment manufacturing came during the beginning of 20th century. The tailors instead of making customized clothes for their customers, began to grade the sizes, ie a set of standard sizes that would suit maximum number of people. However due to industrialization and invent of power looms the costs of ready-made garments were minimized.
The advent of ready-made clothing declined the class differentiation preceded due to the clothing of the masses. Although these ready-to-wear garments were better in fitting than custom-made clothes. When the tape measures were not invented, the tailors used to keep the body measurements of individual customers through strips of parchment. This was time consuming procedure, also was difficult to maintain.
In today's world of technological advances, apparel firms are resorting to various computer softwares in order to offer perfect fit and designs appropriate to individual so customized clothing could be done with ease and without much expense.
The process of getting proper fitted clothes by feeding the details of body measurements in the computer which would let us know the garments from the entire store that could fit us perfectly, is known as 'E-fit'. There are different types of e-fit methods used by different apparel firms to offer the customized fit and designs to their customers. In some branded jeans stores the customers could choose the styles, finishes, fabrics, seam lengths and leg opening sizes, further individual measurements are fed into the computer along with these details. Then the computer reflects the jeans from the entire stock of the store that would fit the customer. Thus, one can find exact fitting jeans of their choice. This data is kept in computer records so that next time it could be retrieved without wasting time.
The latest innovation in e-fit is offering the customized clothes through the medium of 3D body scanning. Here the 3D body scanner takes the body measurements of the customer, this detail is entered into the computer, with the assistance of a trained sales person, which allows one to select the style, design, fabrics and fitting styles. Here the customer gets perfect fit garments. The scan data and other information are stored in the computer for future orders.
The technology behind it
Many technologies like body scanning, bar codes, laser cutters and various web applications are being …