The History of the Car Computer

The car is a very complicated thing in the modern world, with a whole host of mechanical and electronic systems working together to keep the car running, and to keep its levels of operation at maximum efficiency. The engine control unit is the centerpiece of a car’s electronics, which makes millions of processes each second to make slight adjustments to the actuators depending on the information the central CPU gets from the various number of real-time sensors. This goes alongside the transmission control unit, which ensures that gear changes within automatic cars are most efficient. These car computers not only keep the car running, but minimize the amount of fuel wasted, which keeps efficiency and economy high, whilst helping to protect the environment with minimal emissions.

The cars of today present a marked contrast between now and the early days of the automobile. From the turn of the century when the first commercial automobiles emerged, to the end of the 1960’s, there were obviously no electronic components, and vehicles were designed simply and included simple and robust mechanical control parts and basic methods of control. Back then a better car meant a car with a bigger engine, more speed and more horsepower, and little heed was paid to efficiency, economy, and the environment. However, the issue of the environment, and certainly the issue of economy became more and more pronounced in the 1970’s, with the inclusion of mandates, and the notable fuel crisis of the mid 70’s.

Around the same time, electronic technology was reaching the point where it was physically able to be included in automobiles, alongside the transmission from carburetors to fuel injection, but is wasn’t until the 1980’s that electronics became practical and economic enough to be included. Control over the ignition in the interests of minimizing fuel usage drove car electronics. The first pieces of circuitry used to control spark timings where large pieces of solid state circuitry, and would need replacement every few years. By the middle of the 80’s, the industry would be founded on fuel injection completely controlled by electronics.

Naturally, as commercial electronics boomed in the 80’s and on through the 90’s, becoming smaller, cheaper and more sophisticated, on-board car computers would take on more and more functional responsibilities, sensing more and more data and controlling more and more aspects of the car engine, among other things such as braking and climate control. Indeed it was not long before the computer became the central and integral component in the car.

With the rise of the computer came the potential for customization, with access to a programmable computer providing immense control other a vehicle’s power and other variables.…

Business Technology Solutions – Escalate Your Profits

The primary focus of all the prominent organizations is on improving profits and controlling costs.

Specially to establish and run small business, it becomes necessary to perform various tasks properly. Many business owners experience a great problem if they are not able to keep abreast with the latest technology. Business sector is witnessing new inventions and additions every now and then, you need to take benefit of as many latest tools and services that are obtainable to make your business flourish. Even within a tight budget, you can manage to endow your business with great technologies at an affordable price using various Business Technology solutions. Let us consider some points on how these solutions help you to grow your business.

With excessive use of Internet worldwide, it has become quite easier for businessmen to reach to their target audience. Internet is providing great opportunities to entrepreneurs to make their presence felt and market their services or products. Social networking has become an incredible way to make use of technologies to promote your business and that to free of cost. You just need to create your accounts on these sites and get unbelievable exposure to the people across the world.

You can also run your online payroll using efficient payroll solutions available online. It definitely helps you to function your business successfully and makes it easier for your employees to get their money on time.

Besides payroll solutions, technologies such as web conferencing solutions have an incredible advantage as they help a lot in interacting with foreign clients.

You can make a big difference in your profits by using IT solutions regarding your business. IT solutions providers help a business with its security management, CRM, network planning, HRM and other computing services.

In addition to this, there are utility service providers as well. They work for quality performance of businesses by understanding the business goals of their clients

Virtual phone systems offer great heights to your business. Through these systems you can avail multiple extensions, call forwarding and many other compiled options from a single location. Now, even a small desktop can manage the professionalism just like big business, that’s the wonder of technology. Tele-seminars are the result of the popularity of these extremely beneficial technologies.

This is a new concept that has been embraced by many organizations to escalate their profits. It is a cost-effective approach that enables the organizations to streamline the business processes.…

Internet Business Success – The Number One Culprit To Not Achieving It

Are you just starting on the internet business world? If you are, then you must at least know what are the things you should avoid and what are the important things you must also know about in order to succeed in this business.

I am about to talk to you regarding one very important thing that you need to be aware of or maybe consider real seriously in order for you to achieve the muchought after dream of internet business success.

You Need To Be Single Minded And Level Headed

The first thing you should be aware about if you are to start doing business online is your very own mindset. So what about your mindset? I want to point to you the importance of being single minded. To put it in a more appropriate term, you need to appreciate being simple especially with the way you look at things.

The internet itself is based on technology, for a non-techie guy like me or you, wanting to understand the core technology behind the existence and the entire operation of the internet is becoming a bit complicated. It is the same principle with internet business, you do not have to understand or become expert in every aspect of it. Doing so will make it extremely complicated for you. Therefore, let the web designers be expert in building websites, let writers become expert at writing, let internet marketers be expert in marketing, and so on …

Keep a simple mind and know that you want to establish a business – this should be your main goal. So, all you need is a product or some kind of service to offer, promote that and make money off it. It's that simple.

If you need to learn the basics from all these different aspects, then by all means do so. However, remember that you do not need to become an expert in all areas. Know what you got to learn and then focus in your goal of growing the business and making money off it. Soon you will realize that things just grow naturally by themselves without you making things look so complicated like many others do.

A lot of the starting wannabe online entrepreneurs are not really aware of this one big mistake of trying to make things seem complicated way more than they should really be only. So keep things simple, focus on the big picture of establishing your business and making money. Do not worry too much on the details. Let the natural flow of things happen as you take one small but firm step at a time. …

Pros and Cons of Targeting Federal Government For Funding of Technology Grants Non Profit

When searching for technology grants one should look at the pros and cons of targeting federal government for funding of technology grants for non-profit business. When seeking funding for programs I think that there are three advantages of targeting the federal government 1. The money is certain, 2. There is easy access to information, and 3. The larger orders, thus more profit. Whereas, three disadvantages would be: extensive bid proposal, considerable amounts of paper work throughout maintaining the contract, and the competition is great.

The first advantage that I listed is that the money is certain. If my company were to get a contract for business from the government they would be certain to be paid. It would cut out the late payment or the collections process that we currently have dealing with smaller entities or individuals. The second advantage to target the federal government is that the government may provide easier accessibility for information for its contractors through up- to- date internet sites, which you don’t always have access to with smaller suppliers. Finally, the third advantage I see is that larger orders equal’s larger profit. Securing a government contract would most likely be a substantial order and profit for our company which would be worth any hurdles we may have to jump through in the long run.

The first disadvantage I see to targeting the federal government is that there is most likely an extensive bid proposal process. We have submitted bids for local suppliers that do not even compare to the possible several hundred pages that a government proposal might contain. This would mean many physical hours invested in preparing the bid for proposal. Secondly, I think that a major disadvantage for my company if we were to secure a government bid is that there would be considerable amounts of paperwork involved in order to maintain the contract. The government is under the public eye and thus set-forth strict regulations that the suppliers must follow, which includes much paperwork! This would again, involve many hours to keep up with this obligation. The third disadvantage I believe is that the competition would be tremendous. Even though governments are asked to favor smaller businesses, I think the competition among those smaller businesses would be very great. I feel that my company would be at a disadvantage compared to other competitors simply based on the fact that first, we are not a depressed business and second that we are not a minority owned business.

Having said all this, I would advise my company leadership to “go for it”! I think they should pursue a government contract and I justify this by saying I think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages in our situation. I think the potential profit alone would justify my recommendation. However, before making that final decision to pursue, I would also recommend to my company that they review our current budget and make sure that the cost of the extra hours involved in preparing the bid proposal would …

9 Steps for Managing Small Business IT

Information Technology has never been more affordable. Small businesses can now take advantage of technology that will help them level the playing field and compete with larger companies, even on a global scale. Yet, the costs for small businesses that compete with you have come down too. How do you use IT to gain a competitive advantage?

Business leads – IT follows

1. Use IT to provide value to your customers

If IT does not add value for your customers, what's the point? Technology should allow you to either, lower costs, provide better customer service, or develop new products and services your customers need. If deploying new technology does not do one of these, do not bother.

2. Do not buy more complexity than you need.

Efficiency is found in simplicity – fewer moving parts. Do not buy feature laden software if simple software gets the job done. However, you should take care to analyze and anticipate your needs so you do not under buy. A good tactic is to plan for a progress of features or capabilities that match your expected growth. Choose software that is easily upgraded and allows you to use your existing data with new versions or modules.

3. Apply technology only if it improves a process

A manual process is often the most efficient. Do not spend 200 man hours implementing a technology that will save you 8 man hours a month. Any technology should also add customer value over and above the manual process.

4. Monitor capacity, performance and health

Do not just set it and forget it. There are too many inexpensive management tools that will allow you to monitor your systems and alert you in time to avert a disruption of service. Something as simple as running out of disk space can cause a service outage that takes days to recover from.

5. Be proactive instead of reactive

Monitoring your systems also allows you to collect data that can be used for trend analysis. For example: By knowing the rate of increase in your disk space usage you can predict when you will need to add capacity and plan accordingly.

Replace your equipment before it wears out or becomes unreliable. Practice "life cycle management." Budget for computer replacement every 3 to 5 years. For example: if you have 40 computers, consider budgeting to replace 10 of them each year.

6. Plan for contingency

Hardware fails. Users screw up. Viruses are always a threat. It's prudent and cost effective to use redundant disk technology on your server, but you do not have to go crazy trying to build fault tolerance into all your systems. If you have 20 computers, having a spare ready to go only costs you an additional 5%. That's a very cost effective way to increase availability. I've worked with large companies that will spend days trying to source parts and repair a computer while the user can not work.

7. Provide operational structure

Define the processes you will use …

3 Companies With Huge IT Departments

Information technology is a necessity in today’s market place, and not only large companies benefit from using an IT department, but smaller businesses often do as well. Anytime computers and networking is used, there is going to be a need for personnel that is capable of managing all the information required to run that business. Large corporations typically have their own staff of IT professionals running the show, but some smaller ones even outsource their information technology needs.

As you might expect, some of the most well-known companies around the world make use of IT departments to keep all information pertaining to the company in a convenient form so that it is ready at a moments notice. Information such as employee benefits, their payroll check creation and more are managed by IT departments. You sill recognize many of the names of companies that regularly use information technology.

Walmart is one large corporation that must use the resources which are provided by information technology departments. This corporation operates worldwide and that means having a great IT department is essential if all the information going in and out is going to be up to the company’s standards. With hundreds of stores located all over the world, it would be nearly impossible to keep up with each if it were not for the interconnection between all of the stores and corporate offices.

The same is true when you are taking a look at the clothing store giant, JCPenney. This corporation also has more than a thousand stores operating in all 50 states as well as Puerto Rico. It also keeps track of everything going on in its stores through the use of its own unique IT department. IT departments are in charge of all kinds of information going in and out of corporate headquarters including advertising campaigns. If it were up to the individual stores to create all their own campaigns through the computer networks within their specific organizations everything about JCPenney would change.

Another large corporation that utilizes IT department staff to keep everything running smoothly is Target. This is another giant in the industry that employs thousands of individuals throughout the nation. The only way to track all the information located within the corporation is through information technology.

As a general rule, these corporations have their own information technology departments staffed by their specially trained employees. However, there is no reason that any of them could not make use of outsourcing this important part of doing business if they simply had no other choice.…

A Look at Artificial Intelligence and Technology – Book Review

It is fairly obvious that computers and artificial intelligence will run our world tomorrow, as we program these machines today. Interestingly enough, not long from now these AI machines will be programming themselves. How did we come so far so fast you ask? Well, maybe you need to do a little research for yourself.

If this topic interests you, then boy do I have a great book for you to read. It is a book that I own personally, and one I read a long time ago, but it still holds validity today, and many of the predictions of that past period, which is only two decades ago, although it seems like eons; the book is:

“The Connection Machine,” by W. Danny Hillis, MIT Press, MA, 1989, (208 pp), ISBN: 978-026258-0977.

This book is an extension of a highly controversial and ahead of its time MIT thesis by the same author. This book is not for the non-intellectual, and he gets pretty thick into the details and philosophy of parallel computing. This book was written well before massive Internet use, just as the computer technology in Silicon Valley was really taking off. Indeed, this is one of those books which was the prime mover of the time.

This is why I have it in my library, and why I recommend it to anyone who is into artificial intelligence, computer hardware, future software, or where we are go from here; why you ask – because if the past is any indication of the future, things are getting get pretty interesting in the next decade. In fact, I hope you will please consider this, and educate yourself a little in the past, so you can understand how far we’ve come, how fast we’ve come, and where we go from here. Think on it.…

Jobs for Felons in Information Technology – Find Out If You Are a Fit for These Felon Friendly Jobs

Information technology job opportunities for felons pay well and offer fast career advancement. IT jobs for felons do require extensive technical knowledge but the main advantage to IT jobs for felons is that demand for IT skills is high compared to other industries even during the current economic downturn.

According to the most recent study by the Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics, IT jobs are expected to grow more than twice as fast as the average for all other occupations. This report takes into account the recent dot-com bust and recovery as well as outsourcing trends. In other words, even with the off shoring of IT jobs and the economic slump, the IT industry is still one of the leading growth industries in the U.S. today.

So what IT jobs for felons are available?

Information Technology is the study, design, implementation and management of computer-based information systems, chiefly software applications and computer hardware.

The IT jobs for felons that are in high demand include computer software engineers, network systems and data communications analysts, systems analysts, and network and systems administrators, again according to the Department of Labor’s report.

Since the IT field is quite large, there is no one personality type that is needed to succeed. There is room for introverted, both technical IT people and extroverted business or sales-oriented IT people.

However, the one quality that all IT people must have is a willingness to keep on learning. The software programs and computer hardware of today will be outdated in a few years so IT professionals must study new technologies constantly.

Jobs for Felons: Information Technology

Information technology is one of those career paths that are suitable for ex-felons because there are a lot of IT jobs for felons available due to the industry’s high growth rate.

If you apply for regular employment then you will definitely have to go through a background check. This can be a problem if the IT job involves handling a lot of sensitive information. Whether you will be able to land a job after the employer finds out about your past will depend on the type of felony, recency and evidence of rehabilitation.

One option you can look into is working freelance. No background checks will be involved since you will not be employed by any company or organization. Freelance IT jobs for felons simply entail looking for clients and working as an independent contractor. This has become very popular among felons because the internet has made it easier than ever before to find freelance IT job opportunities for felons online. You can even work from the comfort of your own home. This is a great option for people who want to spend more time with their families as well as those who have disabilities.

Jobs for Felons: Information Technology

Almost all colleges and universities in the U.S. have IT programs so you will not have any problems finding the right certification, diploma or degree program for you. You can choose …

The Role of Technology in Education

In the current age we live in, technology has become an important component. Every day there is some new gadget or software that makes lives easier and improves on the technology and software that already exists. Making lives easier is not, however, the only role technology plays in our lives.

Technology is playing an increasing role in education. As technology advances, it is used to benefit students of all ages in the learning process.

Technology used in the classroom helps students adsorb the material. For example, since some people are visual learners, projection screens linked to computers can allow students to see their notes instead of simply listening to a teacher deliver a lecture.

Software can be used to supplement class curriculum. The programs provide study questions, activities, and even tests and quizzes for a class that can help students continue learning outside the classroom.

Technology has also become part of many curriculums, even outside of computer and technology classes. Students use computers to create presentations and use the Internet to research topics for papers and essays.

Students also learn to use the technology available to them in computer and tech classes. This ensures that after graduation they will be able to use the technology in a work setting, which may put them ahead of someone who didn’t have access to a particular technology or software in their own school setting.

As technology advances, students have better access to educational opportunities like these. When something new and “better” is revealed, the “older” technology becomes more affordable, allowing it to be used in educational settings, even when schools are on a tight budget.

Technology has also advanced to help children even before they’ve started school. Educational video games and systems for young children helps them prepare for school and in some cases get a head start on their education.

There are people who may say children are “spoiled” by technology. Instead of being able to add a long column of numbers in their heads, for example, they turn to a calculator. Regardless of these arguments, technology is an important part of today’s society. By incorporating it into the classroom, students will be better equipped to transition from the classroom to the work place.…

Activity Diagrams – Advantages, Disadvantages and Applications of Use

Activity diagrams describe the actual work flow behavior of a system in Information Technology. These diagrams are very similar to state Diagrams because activities are the actual state of doing something. These diagrams describe the actual state of activities of a system by showing all the sequence of activities performed. Also, these diagrams can show activities that are conditional or parallel.

When to Use: Activity Diagrams

Activity diagrams should be used in alignment with other modeling techniques like interaction diagrams and State diagrams. The main reason behind using these diagrams is to model the work flow behind the system being designed. these Diagrams are also useful for analyzing a use case by describing what actions need to take place and when they should occur, describing a complicated sequential algorithm and modeling applications with parallel processes.

Activity diagrams’ advantages:

  • UML modeling language included that these diagrams are normally easily comprehensible for both analysts and stakeholders.
  • In UML for the IT Business Analyst, “The activity diagram is the one most useful to the IT BA for depicting work flow [because] it is simple to understand-both for BAs and end-users.”
  • Since they are among the most user-friendly diagrams available, they are generally regarded as an essential tool in an analyst’s repertoire.
  • Additionally, as stated above, activity diagrams allow an analyst to display multiple conditions and actors within a work flow through the use of swimlanes. Swimlanes, however, are optional as a single condition or actor is normally displayed without them.

Activity diagrams’ disadvantages:

UML modeling language include that these diagrams have the potential to become overly complex because their user-friendly nature may lend itself to an all-inclusive description. In other words, since it is so simple to display the information related to the project, why not include all of it? When an analyst has a large project, creating a single, overly complex diagram can be a temptation.

However, as one author notes, “if you are using activity diagrams to define the structure of a work flow, you should not attempt to explore several levels of activity graphs down to their most ‘atomic’ level”. Instead, an analyst should try to present a new diagram for each work flow, or if more applicable, to use swimlanes to present different actors within the same work flow.

Another aspect of these diagrams is that they may not be used in lieu of a state diagram or sequence diagram because “activity diagrams do not give detail about how objects behave or how objects collaborate.” This is not a disadvantage per se, but it is important for an analyst to keep in mind when applying diagrams to their work.

In conclusion, activity diagrams are fairly easy to get the hang of, and will be useful for most projects because they plainly and moderately clearly demonstrate how things work.” Unlike many diagramming techniques, these diagrams also enable the depiction of multiple choices and actors within a work flow, and they are easy for even non-technical users to follow

Applications of …