The Need for Ontologies
Information is scattered within organizations and often not held in such a structured way as to be easily accessed by employees or software. This problem was examined by Lau et al (2005) using the example of McDonnell Douglas (now part of Boeing), that demonstrated how difficult it is to gather unstructured knowledge. Therefore, it is important that research is undertaken into methods of capturing, structuring, distributing, analyzing, and visualizing information.
Taxonomies, Ontologies and Structuring of Information
An ontology is a classification structure. A taxonomy can be just a convenient structure to assist programmers, or part of an overall 'thesaurus' which describes and agreements the meaning of things. This 'thesaurus' structure is the ontology and may contain one or more taxonomies. Engineers may have different names for the same thing, eg wing skin stiffeners may be referred to as stringers, but rib stiffeners are never called stringers. … Read More