In dozens of countries, governments rely on Internet shutdowns to hide repression

Our recent work suggests that shutdowns pose three major challenges for protest movements. Here’s what you need to know.

Protest movements rely increasingly on the Internet

Protest movements tend to grow rapidly and spontaneously without much prior in-person organization, making it difficult for protesters to revert to offline communication during an Internet blackout. As they become more established, many protest movements rely heavily on digital channels to reach new supporters.

Beyond coordination obstacles, shutdowns often are linked to violent repression. In a recent study, we analyzed how Internet accessibility enabled government-sanctioned violence in Syria. Throughout the Syrian conflict, the government of Bashar al-Assad has tightly controlled access to the Internet. While some of the country’s 14 governorates (a regional distinction) — such as Damascus and Latakia — have largely remained connected to the Internet, others have regularly been subjected to severe limitations and shutdowns.

Regional data on where the Internet

Read More

Why Tens Of Thousands Of Companies Rely On Amazon Aurora To Power Their Most Important And Demanding Applications

Up through the first decade of the 21st century, the world of relational databases wasn’t a particularly exciting one. From their arrival in the 1970s, relational databases mostly supported rather boring if important back office applications with a handful of users and relatively small amounts of data. But times – and relational database requirements – have changed.

Today, it’s not uncommon to find enterprise and consumer applications supporting hundreds of thousands or even millions of users and massive volumes of high velocity data. These are mission critical applications that companies across industries rely on to engage and transact with their customers, partners, and workers. And these applications often times require a relational database that is not only ACID compliant but also high performance, massively scalable, and highly available.

Consider DoorDash, the largest third-party delivery service in the world. Its mobile application has over 20 million users and processes hundreds

Read More